女报记者在扶贫一线跟着茶厂女工感受扶贫实践- 挑大梁探访制茶工艺品尝普洱茶熟茶-

湖南省扶贫办、省委宣传部和省新闻工作者协会联合开展“记者在扶贫一线”活动,派出20名优秀编辑记者深入20个贫困摘帽县进行采访报道。女报社的记者欧阳婷在安化县深入扶贫一线,目睹了普洱茶熟茶产业中她们勇于创业的力量。从水上运输到陆路再到高铁,茶叶见证着时代变迁,而这个产业中小小的茶叶,汇聚着许多妇女的力量,成为带动近10万人脱贫致富的第一引擎。女报记者在扶贫一线专栏,将见证安化茶叶产业的各个方面,挖掘先进典型人物,讲述创新扶贫经验,让精准扶贫历程更加生动形象化。烟两岸稠”的盛景再现。

经历了水运时代,如今安化黑茶产业仍是一片欣欣向荣的景象。茶厂女工不再是家中支柱,而是以勇于创业和优秀技能融入普洱茶熟茶产业中,成为该产业中的顶梁柱。9月18日,中茶湖南安化第一茶厂副总经理姚呈祥接受今日女报/凤网记者采访时表示,“以前,茶叶是国家二类农产品,生产和销售都需要政府调控。”新中国成立后,茶叶在很长一段时间里都是换取外汇的重要商品,其中,由安化县生产的黑茶、红茶和绿茶主要用于出口。姚呈祥全家几代人以茶叶为生,自1950年起,姚呈祥父亲所在的私人茶行和安化另外六家私人茶行以及安化茶叶实验场合并,成立了安化茶厂,并被当时的茶叶分管部门“中国茶业公司安化支公司”管理。如今,安化黑茶产业欣欣向荣,许多优秀的女工为产业注入了新的生机和活力。Black tea is transported to the border of northwest China while Puer tea is still an indispensable part of the tea industry. Yoachim Yiu, who grew up in the tea factory, recalls that thanks to the construction of the Zhexi Hydroelectric Power Station, a road leading to Changde was built early in front of the factory gate, but tea transport still relied on water transportation. The Anhua Tea Factory is located in Youzhou, Anhua, which is an important tea port for Anhua tea processing because of its location on the Zi River. Yiu told reporters that after the tea bricks were produced, they were packed in moisture-proof wooden barrels and then carried onto the ship. “These barrels were made by tea factory workers during the off-season.” Since the carrying capacity of ships transporting tea is between 60 and 100 tons, in addition to using the power of water, it also requires manual labor to pull. “In the past, a road called the coolies road was opened on the river beach. More than ten coolies pulled the boat with thick hemp rope to move forward.” Tea leaves were transported to Wuhan Han Kou Town by waterway from the small stream, and then transported separately to their destination from Han Kou Town. In the 1980s, a railway station was built in Anhua Pingkou, but compared to more expensive road transportation, shipping, with its large carrying capacity and low cost, was still the first choice for tea to reach the railway station. At that time, Yoachim Yiu took over the family business and became a worker in Anhua Tea Factory.Persistence for 40 years. Yoachim Yiu still remembers that when he first started working, the proportion of male workers was very small, and there were more female workers. “When the tea factory was booming, the number of female workers reached nearly a thousand.” Yiu said that in the era when a pound of pork cost less than one yuan, female workers could earn about one yuan a day.

The cotton bags made in 1976 still store tea today.
In the era of road transport, the elderly are no longer “oil bottles”. In the mid-1990s, the country relaxed its control over tea and the individual economy of tea rose, and tea gradually became a daily consumer product for ordinary people. Wu Jianli and his wife, Wang Xiaoping, were “pioneers” in this regard. The couple used to work at the Hunan Baishaxi Tea Factory, with Wang Xiaoping being the only person in the factory with tea export testing qualifications, and her husband, Wu Jianli, was the factory director. At that time, the factory mainly produced “border tea” – tea that was sold to the border regions. Since “border tea” was for domestic consumption, the evaluation standard was lower than that for exported tea, and the price was low. In addition,常The need to urge customers for payments prompted the couple to seek change.

Wang Xiaoping and her husband Wu Jianli insisted on making traditional Anhua black tea. In 2000, the couple quit their jobs and started their own business, producing “their own high-end tea”. “When we first opened our tea shop in Yiyang, there were less than 10 Anhua tea factories,” Wang Xiaoping recalled, “At that time, when we recommended black tea to customers, many of them had never heard of it before. Customers were more willing to buy well-known tea varieties such as oolong, Dahongpao, and Puer tea.” In the following year, after earning enough capital, Wang Xiaoping decided to “move” to her husbands hometown – Dongshi Old Street in Jiangnan Town, Anhua County. Since then, the couple has worked together – Wu Jianli manages and inspects tea gardens outside, while Wang Xiaoping converts rented rooms into processing workshops, establishing the Hunan Liyuanlong Tea Industry Co., Ltd., which specializes in producing Anhua black tea. As the birthplace of the Anhua Tea Horse Ancient Road, the slow transportation speed of the Dongshi area cannot keep up with the rapid economic development. Here, people generally live in poverty, so someThe elderly cannot even afford toilet paper. Therefore, when the tea leaves were brought to the factory for processing, Wang Xiaoping gathered the elderly from the streets to sort and handle the tea leaves. To avoid delaying the employees housework, Wang Xiaoping did not set a specific working time, but paid them according to the amount of work they completed each day. “Some elderly people said that thanks to us, they could earn a few hundred yuan a month,” Wang Xiaoping recalled. During the busiest times, there were nearly 60 elderly people working together in the factory. Because they earned money, their status at home also improved, and they were no longer a burden. When the road leading in and out of Dongshi Old Street was completed and opened, Wang Xiaopings tea leaves finally came off the boat and entered the “era of road transport”. However, due to financial constraints, the Wu Jianli and Wang Xiaoping couple couldnt afford a truck, so they had to rent a tractor to transport the tea leaves. “It took several hours to go to Anhua County town,” Wang Xiaoping said. After several years of struggling, the couples tea leaves finally caught a ride on the car, greatly speeding up the process. In the era of high-speed rail, tea has become a “golden leaf” for people to get rich. With the development of the economy and the strong support of the government, Anhua tea merchants and tea factories are flourishing. Many people who used to work outside have returned to their hometowns and inherited the tea tradition from their ancestors. Zhou Xin, now 40 years old, is from Qingtangpu town, Anhua County. In 2014, he returned to his hometown from周鑫, who now earns a million yuan a year, saw potential in the Anhua black tea market and returned to his hometown to establish Anhua Zhuxin Tea Industry Co., Ltd. With his help, 153 poor households successfully lifted themselves out of poverty. The more convenient high-speed rail transport and growing Anhua black tea market have enabled more impoverished households to rapidly rise out of poverty and become prosperous. Xiao Mengchun in Xiaoyan town, Anhua County, is a registered poor household – her mother-in-law suffers from a mental illness that requires medicine costing over a thousand yuan every month, her father-in-law has cataracts, and she has a child who needs to go to school. She and her husband could only find work as laborers near their home, and their annual income was less than 20,000 yuan.
Nowadays, Xiao Mengchun is living a happier life and smiles more often. Her life began to improve in 2013 when she became a packaging worker at Hunan Baishaxi Tea Factory Co., Ltd. During the day, she arrives in the workshop on time and completes the days tasks. At noon, the factory provides a lunch of four dishes and one soup for only 2 yuan. After work in the evening, Xiao MengchunXiao Mengchun works alongside her husband in the fields. “Including wages, annual bonuses, and various subsidies, I can easily earn 30,000 yuan a year, much more than my husband,” said Wang Kai, Vice General Manager of Hunan Baishaxi Tea Factory Co., Ltd., to reporters from the Today Womens News/Fengwang. In response to Anhua Countys call for industrial poverty alleviation, the company established a tea plantation when it acquired land in 2018, with 80% of the equity transferred to more than 4,000 poor people who were hired to work in the tea plantation. “Each person can increase their income by 1,000 yuan per year.” At the same time, the company cooperates with 14 villages, boosting the income of more than 20,000 people. Today, tea has made the wish of “building an industry and enriching the people” a reality. In Anhua County, with a population of 1.03 million people, nearly 400,000 people are engaged in black tea-related industries. Among the countys 150,000 poor people, nearly 100,000 have successfully risen out of poverty thanks to black tea. It is worth mentioning that Anhua County has been in the top ten of Chinas top 100 tea counties for 11 consecutive years and ranked first in the 2019 Chinas top 100 tea counties. Currently, the county has developed 360,000 acres of tea plantations, processed 90,000 tons of tea, realized a comprehensive output value of 22 billion yuan, collected 200 million yuan in taxes, and has more than 160 tea processing enterprises. Editor: Yiyi.